Italy's famous Florence Baptistery, also known as the Baptistery of St. John, is an ancient religious building, and has the status of a minor basilica. This octagonal baptistery stands creatively in both the 1. Piazza del Duomo, the 2. Piazza del Duomo, the 3. Plaza San Giavanni, the 4. Florence Cathedra, and lastly 5. the Gamponile di Giotto. Making it a central point for visitors and religious pilgrimages.
The ceiling is a set of golden mosaics, split into 8 segments. It is one of the most important cycles of medieval Italian mosaics, created between 1225-1330 using designs by major Florentine painters such as Cimabue, Coppo Di Marcovaldo, Melior and the Maestro della Maddalena.
The upper frieze shows the angelic hierarchies around all eight segments, whilst the rest of three segments shows the Last Judgement, dominated by a huge figure of Christ, under whose feet is shown the resurrection of the dead. To Christ's right are shown those just welcomed into heaven, whilst on the left is hell and its devils.
The other five segments are subdivided into four horizontal registers showing (from top to bottom) stories from the Book of Genesis and the lives of Joseph, the Virgin Mary, Christ and John the Baptist. The first scenes from the Baptist's life are thought to be from cartoons by the Master of Maddalena and Cimabue.
The Baptistery is one of the oldest buildings in the city, constructed between 1059-1128 in the "Florentine Romanesque" style. Although the Florentine style did not spread across Italy as widely as the "Pisan Romanesque" or "Lombardo" styles, its influence was decisive for the subsequent development of architecture, as it formed the basis from which Franesco Talent, Leon Battista Alberti, Filippo Brunelleschi, and other master architects of their time created Renaissance architecture.
Enjoy this beautiful, iconic "Golden Florence Baptistery" image at your home or office.